Public Safety

Crime can cause long-lasting trauma to individuals and disruption to a community. This makes safety a top priority for most residents. Overall, Berks County is similar to Pennsylvania in terms of its crime and incarceration rates. Property crimes in particular are on the decline, and the county’s drug-related arrest rate is lower than the state rate. However, the county’s rate of protection from abuse orders – a potential indicator of domestic violence – is higher than at the state level.

In 2018, there were 2.4 violent crimes reported per 1,000 residents in Berks County – similar to Pennsylvania as a whole. These crimes include murder, rape, robbery and aggravated assault. Berks County’s crime rate dropped 32% from 2005 to 2018 while the state’s violent crime rate dropped 24%. 

There were 13 property crimes reported per 1,000 residents in Berks County in 2018, just below the state rate of 15. These offenses include arson, burglary, theft, fraud, embezzlement and vandalism. The county rate dropped significantly between 2012 and 2018, and decreased more than at the state level.

Incarceration removes an offender from a community, but it also can create hardships on families whose relative is imprisoned. After release, formerly incarcerated people often encounter challenges in obtaining employment. In 2017, there were 2.2 county jail inmates per 1,000 residents in Berks County. This rate was similar to Pennsylvania. The county’s incarceration rate fell from 2006 to 2011, but climbed again in 2012 before falling in 2017.

Drug use, sale and other illegal drug-related activity can have immediate as well as long-term negative health, social and economic consequences for people and communities. In 2018, there were 4.2 drug abuse arrests per 1,000 residents in Berks County, lower than the statewide rate (5.0).

A protection from abuse order is a civil order from a court to safeguard victims of domestic violence, sexual assault or stalking. In 2018, there were 4.0 abuse protection orders issued per 1,000 residents in Berks County. This was higher than the Pennsylvania rate, but it is impossible to say whether this is because there is more domestic violence in Berks County or because local policies lead courts to issue more orders here than in other parts of the state. Berks County’s rate has fluctuated year to year, while the statewide rate was essentially flat from 2005 to 2018.

Adults Who are Overweight or Obese Not Applicable
Students in K-6 Overweight or Obese Not Applicable
Students in 7-12 Overweight or Obese Not Applicable
Physically Inactive Adults Not Applicable
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Increasing
Early Prenatal Care Increasing
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Disengaged Youth Decreasing
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Population by Age Not Applicable
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels Maintaining
Change in Population by Age and Gender Not Applicable
Change in Total Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Households by type Not Applicable
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Seniors Living Alone Maintaining
Language Diversity Increasing
Unemployment Rate Increasing
Change in Labor Force Decreasing
Employment to Population ratio Decreasing
Change in Jobs by Sector Not Applicable
Sector Share of Total Jobs Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
People Entering/Leaving County/Region for Work Not Applicable
Public Assistance Maintaining
Spending for Local Governments Maintaining
Spending for Counties Maintaining
Spending for School Districts Maintaining
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
English Language Learners Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per Student Spending Maintaining
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Brain Drain/Gain Maintaining
Plans of High School Graduates Not Applicable
Enrollment in Local Colleges Decreasing
Median Household Income Maintaining
Median Household Income by Household Type Not Applicable
Living Wage Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Increasing
Working Poor Maintaining
People Receiving Federal Food Assistance Increasing
People Receiving Supplemental Security Income Increasing
Health Status Not Applicable
People Enrolled in Medicaid Managed Care Increasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Cancer Incidence Decreasing
Prevalence of Mental Illness Maintaining
Vacant Housing Units Increasing
Homeownership Rates Decreasing
Cost of Homeownership Maintaining
Cost of Homeownership, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Cost of Rent Increasing
Cost of Rent, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Family Home Sales Increasing
Median Single-Family Home Sale Price Maintaining
Tourism Spending Maintaining
Voter Registration Rate Decreasing
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Average Charitable Giving Maintaining
Contributions as a Percentage of Income Maintaining
Households With Internet Access Not Applicable
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Establishments Maintaining
Toxic Chemical Releases Decreasing
Violent Crimes Maintaining
Property Crimes Decreasing
Incarceration Rates Maintaining
Drug Abuse Offenses Increasing
Drug Abuse Arrests Increasing
Protection from Domestic Abuse Maintaining
Average Travel Time to Work Increasing
Crashes Involving Alcohol Decreasing
Households Without Vehicles Decreasing