Financial Self-Sufficiency
Median Household Income by Household Type, 2014-18

Median Household Income by Household Type, 2014-18

What does this measure?

Median household income, in 2018 dollars, broken down by type of household. Half of incomes are below the median and half are above.

Why is this important?

Median household income is a gauge of the overall economic health of the region and the financial resources of residents. Incomes for particular household types also may indicate needs for social supports.

How is our county performing?

In 2014-18, median incomes in Berks County were lowest for households headed by single women with children, at $28,200. Incomes for households headed by single men with children were nearly twice as high, at $45,900. Married couple households had a median income of $83,700 without children and $95,100 with children. Households headed by a single parent experienced declines in income since 2000 (after inflation). Those married households with children saw some growth. The married without children households saw relatively no change in income since 2000. Berks was generally similar to Pennsylvania and the U.S., except that at the state level, both types of married households experienced increases in income since 2000.

In the City of Reading, incomes for all groups were lower than Berks County as a whole. Married couples with children had a lower median income ($44,200) than married couples without children ($56,900). All types of households decreases in income since 2000.

All household types in Chester and Montgomery counties had higher median incomes than the same groups in Berks. Compared to Berks County, surrounding counties had higher median incomes in households headed by single women with children except Schuylkill and Lebanon.

Notes about the data

For additional detail as to how the Berks County regions are defined and which boroughs and townships are included in each, see the About Us page.

Figures are in constant 2018 dollars. The multiyear figures are from the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. The bureau combined 5 years of responses to the survey to provide estimates for smaller geographic areas and increase the precision of its estimates. However, because the information came from a survey, the samples responding to the survey were not always large enough to produce reliable results, especially in small geographic areas. CGR has noted on data tables the estimates with relatively large margins of error. Estimates with 3 asterisks have the largest margins, plus or minus 50% or more of the estimate. Two asterisks mean plus or minus 35%-50%, and one asterisk means plus or minus 20%-35%. For all estimates, the confidence level is 90%, meaning there is 90% probability the true value (if the whole population were surveyed) would be within the margin of error (or confidence interval). The survey provides data on characteristics of the population that used to be collected only during the decennial census. Data for this indicator are released annually in December.

There may be additional research available on this topic. Click on Reports and Resources to learn more.

Median Household Income by Household Type, 2014-18
Married with ChildrenMarried without ChildrenSingle Female with ChildrenSingle Male with Children
United States$95,854$84,289$27,335$42,637
Berks County$95,081$83,730$28,204$45,904
Berks County Regions
Reading city$44,196$56,886$17,438$27,348******
Berks County Peers
Chester County$147,428$120,696$41,318$63,544
Lancaster County$88,426$82,470$29,799$47,185
Lebanon County$84,772$78,298$26,616$41,813**
Lehigh County$99,924$85,572$29,732$44,132
Montgomery County$135,614$113,020$44,117$60,942
Schuylkill County$80,883$68,780$25,523$41,250

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Figures are in constant 2016 dollars. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.

Median Household Income by Household Type, 2000
Married with ChildrenMarried without ChildrenSingle Female with ChildrenSingle Male with Children
United States$89,622$83,869$30,573$45,077
Berks County$94,403$83,782$31,194$47,511
Berks County Regions
Reading city$61,636$61,915$23,068$34,189
Berks County Peers
Chester County$133,528$118,816$46,676$58,939
Lancaster County$88,976$84,042$32,219$48,043
Lebanon County$83,926$76,989$29,149$39,188
Lehigh County$96,883$84,074$30,977$46,238
Montgomery County$126,058$111,087$48,922$60,914
Schuylkill County$76,499$62,002$26,411$42,495

Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Notes: Figures are in constant 2016 dollars. Multiyear results are from rolling American Community Survey. * Margin of error between 20% & 35% of estimate; ** margin of error between 35% & 50%; *** margin of error greater than 50%.

Early Prenatal Care Increasing
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Disengaged Youth Decreasing
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Population by Age Not Applicable
Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels Maintaining
Change in Population by Age and Gender Not Applicable
Change in Total Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Households by type Not Applicable
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Seniors Living Alone Decreasing
Language Diversity Increasing
Unemployment Rate Decreasing
Change in Labor Force Decreasing
Employment to Population ratio Decreasing
Change in Jobs by Sector Not Applicable
Sector Share of Total Jobs Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
People Entering/Leaving County/Region for Work Not Applicable
Public Assistance Maintaining
Spending for Local Governments Maintaining
Spending for Counties Maintaining
Spending for School Districts Maintaining
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Increasing
English Language Learners Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per Student Spending Maintaining
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
Education Levels of Adults Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Brain Drain/Gain Maintaining
Plans of High School Graduates Not Applicable
Enrollment in Local Colleges Decreasing
Median Household Income Maintaining
Median Household Income by Household Type Not Applicable
Living Wage Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Increasing
Working Poor Maintaining
People Receiving Federal Food Assistance Increasing
People Receiving Supplemental Security Income Increasing
Health Status Not Applicable
People Enrolled in Medicaid Managed Care Increasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Physically Inactive Adults Not Applicable
Adults Who are Overweight or Obese Not Applicable
Students in 7-12 Overweight or Obese Not Applicable
Cancer Incidence Decreasing
Students in K-6 Overweight or Obese Not Applicable
Prevalence of Mental Illness Maintaining
Vacant Housing Units Increasing
Homeownership Rates Decreasing
Cost of Homeownership Maintaining
Cost of Homeownership, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Cost of Rent Increasing
Cost of Rent, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Family Home Sales Increasing
Median Single-Family Home Sale Price Maintaining
Tourism Spending Maintaining
Voter Registration Rate Decreasing
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Average Charitable Giving Maintaining
Contributions as a Percentage of Income Maintaining
Households With Internet Access Not Applicable
Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Establishments Maintaining
Toxic Chemical Releases Decreasing
Violent Crimes Maintaining
Property Crimes Decreasing
Incarceration Rates Maintaining
Drug Abuse Offenses Increasing
Drug Abuse Arrests Increasing
Protection from Domestic Abuse Maintaining
Average Travel Time to Work Increasing
Crashes Involving Alcohol Decreasing
Households Without Vehicles Decreasing