Education
Per Student Spending


Per Student Spending

What does this measure?

Total spending by public school districts, divided by total pupils.

Why is this important?

Higher spending for schools can mean better facilities, programs, and a greater range of opportunities available to students. It may also signal public support for education and a better paid, more experienced teaching workforce. However, studies have found higher spending does not necessarily lead to higher student achievement, given many other factors that contribute to student success, including socioeconomic and parental influences.

How is our county performing?

In 2018, Berks County school districts spent about $17,000 per student, about 4% less than the statewide level of $17,600. The county rate represented a 44% increase since 2001, compared to a 42% increase at the statewide level.

Spending in 2018 was highest in the Kutztown Area School District, at $23,700 per student, up 77% from 2001, followed by the Brandywine district, at $22,700. Per-student spending was lowest in the Reading district, at $13,600.

Among surrounding counties, 2018 per-student spending was higher than Berks in Montgomery ($21,300) and Chester ($18,900). Lancaster was similar to Berks and Lehigh and Lebanon spent less, at $16,700 and $15,300 respectively per student. Since 2001, per-student spending increased more than Berks in only Lancaster (50%) and Schuykill (45%). Montgomery, Lebanon and Lehigh were slightly lower than Berks, and Chester was lowest, at 33%.

Notes about the data

Figures are from the Pennsylvania Department of Education and have been adjusted to 2018 dollars. Per pupil expenditures are calculated by dividing a district's operating costs by its average enrollment across the school year.

There may be additional research available on this topic. Click on Reports and Resources to learn more.

Per Student Spending
200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018
Pennsylvania$12,368$12,801$13,105$13,669$13,951$14,306$14,594$14,840$15,385$15,766$15,823$15,431$15,761$15,931$16,797$17,185$18,169$17,582
Berks County$11,765$11,856$11,971$12,313$12,740$13,059$13,740$13,795$14,635$15,253$14,917$15,033$15,529$15,148$16,785$16,221$17,229$16,959
Berks County Regions
Central
Northeast
South
Southeast
West
Reading city
Berks County Peers
Chester County$14,213$14,716$15,135$16,025$16,315$16,554$17,214$17,025$17,551$17,633$17,232$17,001$17,212$17,156$17,809$18,704$18,923$18,909
Lancaster County$11,403$11,558$11,945$12,281$12,372$12,645$13,500$13,951$14,655$14,754$14,614$14,450$14,830$15,190$16,006$16,251$16,987$17,142
Lebanon County$10,855$11,341$11,199$11,391$11,624$11,979$12,752$13,361$13,720$14,247$13,440$13,336$13,884$14,041$13,984$14,626$15,169$15,298
Lehigh County$11,798$12,013$12,127$12,517$12,919$13,082$13,356$13,565$14,388$14,466$14,755$14,690$14,732$15,171$15,529$16,325$16,566$16,711
Montgomery County$15,235$15,707$16,200$16,978$17,265$17,949$18,235$18,566$19,129$19,398$19,165$19,000$19,204$19,618$20,555$20,719$21,536$21,338
Schuylkill County$11,318$11,992$13,547$12,449$14,014$13,281$12,712$12,926$13,977$15,052$13,849$15,257$13,908$15,057$17,402$16,861$15,767$16,376
School Districts
Hamburg Area School District$11,186$11,234$11,449$11,157$12,074$12,820$13,007$13,961$15,503$15,490$15,359$15,405$15,764$16,362$17,004$17,499$17,913$19,134
Reading School District$10,190$9,571$9,754$10,013$10,517$10,523$10,970$11,165$12,548$14,057$14,020$13,209$12,221$11,795$12,490$12,419$13,106$13,612
Brandywine Heights Area School District$11,795$11,934$13,221$13,698$14,509$14,795$15,796$16,627$17,148$17,789$18,358$17,258$17,273$18,673$19,380$21,019$21,833$22,675
Muhlenberg School District$13,425$13,738$13,886$14,798$15,315$14,105$14,841$14,414$15,009$14,653$13,996$13,470$14,448$14,821$14,709$15,212$15,794$15,450
Exeter Township School District$11,697$11,735$11,893$12,698$13,103$13,328$16,771$14,524$15,352$17,771$15,498$19,889$24,925$18,195$21,808$17,573$17,995$19,982
Wyomissing Area School District$13,396$14,263$14,187$14,818$15,199$15,416$16,902$17,161$17,461$18,158$17,192$16,709$16,642$16,547$17,615$17,154$18,106$18,220
Twin Valley School District$12,849$13,852$13,657$13,725$13,501$14,204$14,460$15,095$15,952$15,587$15,050$14,921$14,723$15,294$16,635$17,013$18,894$20,993
Daniel Boone Area School District$10,587$11,517$11,293$12,128$12,472$12,921$13,216$13,273$14,201$14,028$13,843$13,760$14,537$14,388$21,227$18,565$26,685$19,840
Schuylkill Valley School District$14,788$14,231$14,335$15,036$14,964$15,097$16,294$16,607$17,851$17,118$17,436$17,488$17,915$17,649$30,426$18,898$18,211$18,252
Governor Mifflin School District$11,821$11,981$11,987$12,395$12,523$12,340$14,593$14,694$14,819$14,216$14,240$14,725$14,868$15,634$15,873$16,564$16,566$16,395
Conrad Weiser Area School District$12,773$12,821$13,297$13,843$14,378$13,777$14,703$13,845$14,750$14,907$15,519$15,383$20,478$16,023$17,217$18,288$18,798$19,397
Oley Valley School District$11,248$11,747$12,371$13,135$14,222$13,936$15,648$15,563$15,893$16,119$15,832$16,240$16,781$16,950$17,902$18,392$19,416$19,140
Fleetwood Area School District$12,740$12,761$13,064$12,757$13,619$13,341$14,229$14,210$14,748$14,917$14,927$14,496$14,997$15,516$16,593$17,082$17,861$18,159
Boyertown Area School District$11,574$11,792$11,762$11,889$12,402$14,706$13,147$13,299$13,694$13,691$13,800$12,898$12,976$13,826$15,114$15,817$16,016$16,004
Kutztown Area School District$13,389$14,542$14,267$14,572$15,300$16,071$16,780$17,172$18,431$19,454$19,618$19,962$25,013$22,020$29,935$23,419$38,748$23,709
Wilson School District$11,798$12,626$12,967$13,619$14,342$14,775$15,134$15,142$15,878$16,542$16,246$15,764$15,347$16,129$16,741$16,749$16,811$16,189
Antietam School District$11,751$12,023$12,794$11,810$12,133$13,663$13,761$13,823$14,458$21,199$14,568$24,180$14,648$15,023$22,934$26,599$17,104$16,533
Tulpehocken Area School District$12,240$13,402$13,926$13,506$13,812$14,816$16,053$17,655$18,026$18,653$18,521$18,652$23,813$30,654$21,231$21,093$20,997$21,033

Source: Pennsylvania Department of Education
Notes: Figures are in constant 2016 dollars.




Total Spending
200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018
Pennsylvania$22,258,738,317$23,080,008,606$23,720,812,240$24,785,398,075$25,259,221,409$25,943,401,748$26,402,807,752$26,725,926,102$27,502,148,552$28,017,874,426$28,017,185,125$27,081,594,796$27,555,993,559$27,714,375,049$29,014,647,773$29,618,153,913$31,240,279,552$30,211,199,140
Berks County$750,583,586$769,322,305$800,030,494$836,054,009$882,956,381$923,398,741$983,332,535$983,831,874$1,037,673,938$1,078,086,224$1,063,060,722$1,066,115,172$1,091,947,901$1,055,192,294$1,161,715,090$1,122,246,442$1,188,111,491$1,173,988,591
Berks County Regions
Central
Northeast
South
Southeast
West
Reading city
Berks County Peers
Chester County$928,274,735$977,353,468$1,029,806,001$1,108,214,311$1,147,025,845$1,190,237,244$1,252,432,768$1,251,344,607$1,298,728,642$1,320,569,560$1,298,101,151$1,284,825,931$1,304,461,228$1,309,249,632$1,354,831,793$1,421,017,604$1,452,079,650$1,461,889,991
Lancaster County$785,623,175$803,647,982$834,637,555$860,744,331$872,004,910$896,518,615$954,762,280$982,117,792$1,026,797,781$1,027,778,103$1,020,271,424$1,005,986,402$1,033,144,136$1,051,054,191$1,103,183,760$1,115,025,480$1,164,970,613$1,173,511,233
Lebanon County$196,134,965$206,876,960$206,530,046$213,799,370$221,942,795$229,325,000$246,009,659$260,525,508$265,949,781$276,971,705$259,653,153$259,421,352$273,703,448$275,002,809$275,757,385$289,235,288$299,921,044$311,918,126
Lehigh County$537,732,215$557,367,553$576,236,476$606,486,805$637,083,369$660,959,047$691,108,330$702,631,448$741,720,431$758,213,029$775,562,453$766,037,449$765,727,532$792,891,154$814,130,215$858,540,711$881,029,338$899,149,473
Montgomery County$1,527,151,811$1,597,140,077$1,674,089,653$1,764,702,187$1,804,704,748$1,892,376,009$1,929,167,199$1,962,650,811$2,021,399,708$2,040,936,236$2,036,247,899$2,021,721,662$2,056,833,320$2,107,882,600$2,203,941,723$2,241,471,767$2,341,777,613$2,333,459,010
Schuylkill County$229,533,360$239,285,169$266,807,165$243,112,167$274,188,581$262,300,400$252,611,903$256,747,271$274,765,394$295,676,238$271,352,998$296,879,162$268,538,074$288,788,287$328,465,536$316,697,797$295,240,715$306,019,813
School Districts
Hamburg Area School District$30,028,748$30,743,984$31,205,218$30,452,699$32,914,166$34,809,577$35,028,856$36,598,075$39,622,954$39,222,463$38,380,854$37,873,848$38,074,921$37,989,756$38,580,696$39,584,846$39,854,756$42,343,875
Reading School District$153,340,262$148,557,253$161,714,134$169,191,827$182,637,343$187,738,412$200,611,787$200,492,050$224,821,359$247,703,595$256,685,418$244,208,594$224,315,962$215,334,152$226,668,220$227,866,905$241,741,049$254,715,904
Brandywine Heights Area School District$24,198,992$24,485,136$26,367,666$27,796,800$29,158,750$29,379,933$30,693,763$31,734,191$31,807,348$31,618,627$32,876,082$29,132,703$28,732,172$29,843,097$29,855,358$31,524,296$31,849,872$32,261,129
Muhlenberg School District$39,324,383$40,943,252$41,926,029$44,692,417$48,033,503$46,672,815$50,001,296$49,566,719$52,533,119$52,138,630$50,176,699$48,409,256$51,416,071$52,784,806$53,481,504$56,457,245$59,055,367$59,906,493
Exeter Township School District$44,907,682$46,043,608$48,103,845$51,920,256$55,064,128$57,735,462$73,860,018$63,993,365$68,131,762$78,226,773$69,122,682$86,543,914$107,193,988$76,642,127$90,989,505$72,118,916$72,670,867$80,163,206
Wyomissing Area School District$24,664,585$25,626,907$25,990,908$27,631,147$28,631,262$29,582,679$32,265,713$32,849,770$33,050,245$34,665,937$32,479,530$32,196,946$32,167,634$31,883,055$34,289,732$33,840,903$35,538,804$35,954,038
Twin Valley School District$38,292,018$42,890,848$43,307,186$44,714,827$44,502,088$48,066,156$51,086,836$53,729,913$56,228,380$54,301,584$52,958,844$52,142,316$51,684,789$53,356,369$57,782,575$59,243,321$63,070,233$68,281,160
Daniel Boone Area School District$32,031,639$36,813,117$37,879,256$42,314,466$44,889,383$49,230,662$51,715,012$52,420,440$56,471,541$57,149,013$55,166,064$53,709,940$54,034,968$53,469,724$77,302,781$65,451,906$93,702,223$68,587,658
Schuylkill Valley School District$27,877,613$27,153,151$27,580,706$29,012,732$29,786,173$30,693,129$32,888,146$33,875,543$35,084,497$35,285,971$34,248,735$34,308,725$35,722,182$35,411,924$62,088,600$38,870,774$37,944,947$38,074,156
Governor Mifflin School District$48,856,278$49,277,577$49,968,734$51,584,237$52,984,662$53,026,471$62,704,738$62,710,048$63,262,564$62,218,789$61,162,277$61,201,652$63,446,105$64,353,725$65,031,013$68,205,675$69,262,445$69,281,233
Conrad Weiser Area School District$33,812,617$34,229,245$36,015,761$38,433,559$40,877,166$40,994,375$44,041,484$42,305,132$44,063,791$43,893,674$44,791,443$44,350,858$56,665,187$44,749,486$46,491,706$48,718,090$49,474,157$49,365,781
Oley Valley School District$23,873,342$24,449,288$27,050,471$27,774,220$29,649,591$29,235,210$32,457,543$31,408,967$31,952,571$30,935,774$30,510,395$30,189,372$29,974,462$30,029,402$30,967,455$31,462,464$32,711,361$32,377,018
Fleetwood Area School District$31,000,189$31,834,480$33,044,645$33,638,201$36,246,193$36,149,105$38,615,095$39,190,940$39,953,628$40,860,131$41,160,827$39,528,910$40,433,951$41,274,636$43,953,503$44,353,769$45,524,989$45,864,693
Boyertown Area School District$78,014,048$79,675,040$80,858,801$82,917,826$88,168,384$104,150,669$93,957,319$94,953,472$97,701,095$98,290,886$100,133,343$95,049,692$95,291,226$100,888,646$109,030,148$112,916,338$114,306,042$113,804,724
Kutztown Area School District$24,267,538$26,290,920$25,972,213$26,405,787$27,397,045$28,278,656$28,852,806$29,273,600$30,552,937$30,763,613$30,939,570$30,256,642$37,443,860$31,954,375$41,992,391$32,471,131$53,124,963$32,472,443
Wilson School District$26,715,427$28,451,265$29,508,212$31,054,597$32,399,424$33,524,680$34,766,767$35,156,971$36,914,999$37,821,017$37,111,212$35,841,964$35,215,486$37,037,690$38,427,227$38,183,449$39,100,805$38,722,839
Antietam School District$12,459,497$12,841,635$13,642,129$13,103,788$13,471,538$15,188,700$15,541,626$15,414,461$15,668,237$23,314,133$15,814,014$25,611,170$15,225,764$15,833,549$24,703,459$28,462,380$18,844,302$19,051,150
Tulpehocken Area School District$21,012,603$23,432,140$24,263,356$23,477,476$24,653,428$25,745,005$27,442,712$29,861,141$29,546,519$29,798,246$29,209,832$28,790,717$36,166,847$44,525,691$30,125,906$30,438,511$30,756,158$30,868,178

Source: Pennsylvania Department of Education
Notes: Figures are in constant 2016 dollars.




INDICATORS TREND | BERKS COUNTY
Early Prenatal Care Increasing
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Disengaged Youth Decreasing
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Change in Population by Age and Gender Not Applicable
Change in Total Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Population by Age and Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Language Diversity Increasing
Unemployment Rate Decreasing
Change in Labor Force Increasing
Employment to Population ratio Decreasing
Change in Jobs by Sector Not Applicable
Sector Share of Total Jobs Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
People Entering/Leaving County/Region for Work Not Applicable
Public Assistance Maintaining
Spending for Local Governments Maintaining
Spending for Counties Maintaining
Spending for School Districts Maintaining
Quality Early Childhood Centers Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Increasing
English Language Learners Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per Student Spending Maintaining
Student Performance on Grade 3 English Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 3 Math Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 English Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math Not Applicable
Student Performance on High School English Decreasing
Student Performance on High School Math Maintaining
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Brain Drain/Gain Maintaining
Plans of High School Graduates Not Applicable
Median Household Income Maintaining
Median Household Income by Household Type Not Applicable
Living Wage Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Increasing
Working Poor Maintaining
People Receiving Federal Food Assistance Increasing
Health Status Not Applicable
People Enrolled in Medicaid Managed Care Increasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Physically Inactive Adults Not Applicable
Adults Who are Overweight or Obese Not Applicable
Students in 7-12 Overweight or Obese Not Applicable
Students in K-6 Overweight or Obese Not Applicable
Vacant Housing Units Increasing
Homeownership Rates Decreasing
Cost of Homeownership Maintaining
Cost of Homeownership, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Cost of Rent Increasing
Cost of Rent, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Age of Housing Stock Not Applicable
Single-Family Home Sales Increasing
Median Single-Family Home Sale Price Maintaining
Tourism Spending Maintaining
Voter Registration Rate Decreasing
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Average Charitable Giving Maintaining
Contributions as a Percentage of Income Maintaining
Households With Internet Access Not Applicable
Dams Not Applicable
Violent Crimes Maintaining
Property Crimes Decreasing
Incarceration Rates Maintaining
Drug Abuse Offenses Increasing
Drug Abuse Arrests Increasing
Protection from Domestic Abuse Maintaining
Means of Transportation to Work Not Applicable
Average Travel Time to Work Increasing
Crashes Involving Alcohol Decreasing
Households Without Vehicles Decreasing