Education
Per Student Spending


Per Student Spending

What does this measure?

Total spending by public school districts, divided by total pupils.

Why is this important?

Higher spending for schools can mean better facilities, programs, and a greater range of opportunities available to students. It may also signal public support for education and a better paid, more experienced teaching workforce. However, studies have found higher spending does not necessarily lead to higher student achievement, given many other factors that contribute to student success, including socioeconomic and parental influences.

How is our county performing?

In 2018, Berks County school districts spent about $17,000 per student, about 4% less than the statewide level of $17,600. The county rate represented a 44% increase since 2001, compared to a 42% increase at the statewide level.

Spending in 2018 was highest in the Kutztown Area School District, at $23,700 per student, up 77% from 2001, followed by the Brandywine district, at $22,700. Per-student spending was lowest in the Reading district, at $13,600.

Among surrounding counties, 2018 per-student spending was higher than Berks in Montgomery ($21,300) and Chester ($18,900). Lancaster was similar to Berks and Lehigh and Lebanon spent less, at $16,700 and $15,300 respectively per student. Since 2001, per-student spending increased more than Berks in only Lancaster (50%) and Schuykill (45%). Montgomery, Lebanon and Lehigh were slightly lower than Berks, and Chester was lowest, at 33%.

Notes about the data

Figures are from the Pennsylvania Department of Education and have been adjusted to 2018 dollars. Per pupil expenditures are calculated by dividing a district's operating costs by its average enrollment across the school year.

There may be additional research available on this topic. Click on Reports and Resources to learn more.

Per Student Spending
200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018
Pennsylvania$12,368$12,801$13,105$13,669$13,951$14,306$14,594$14,840$15,385$15,766$15,823$15,431$15,761$15,931$16,797$17,185$18,169$17,582
Berks County$11,765$11,856$11,971$12,313$12,740$13,059$13,740$13,795$14,635$15,253$14,917$15,033$15,529$15,148$16,785$16,221$17,229$16,959
Berks County Regions
Central
Northeast
South
Southeast
West
Reading city
Berks County Peers
Chester County$14,213$14,716$15,135$16,025$16,315$16,554$17,214$17,025$17,551$17,633$17,232$17,001$17,212$17,156$17,809$18,704$18,923$18,909
Lancaster County$11,403$11,558$11,945$12,281$12,372$12,645$13,500$13,951$14,655$14,754$14,614$14,450$14,830$15,190$16,006$16,251$16,987$17,142
Lebanon County$10,855$11,341$11,199$11,391$11,624$11,979$12,752$13,361$13,720$14,247$13,440$13,336$13,884$14,041$13,984$14,626$15,169$15,298
Lehigh County$11,798$12,013$12,127$12,517$12,919$13,082$13,356$13,565$14,388$14,466$14,755$14,690$14,732$15,171$15,529$16,325$16,566$16,711
Montgomery County$15,235$15,707$16,200$16,978$17,265$17,949$18,235$18,566$19,129$19,398$19,165$19,000$19,204$19,618$20,555$20,719$21,536$21,338
Schuylkill County$11,318$11,992$13,547$12,449$14,014$13,281$12,712$12,926$13,977$15,052$13,849$15,257$13,908$15,057$17,402$16,861$15,767$16,376
School Districts
Boyertown Area School District$11,574$11,792$11,762$11,889$12,402$14,706$13,147$13,299$13,694$13,691$13,800$12,898$12,976$13,826$15,114$15,817$16,016$16,004
Schuylkill Valley School District$14,788$14,231$14,335$15,036$14,964$15,097$16,294$16,607$17,851$17,118$17,436$17,488$17,915$17,649$30,426$18,898$18,211$18,252
Antietam School District$11,751$12,023$12,794$11,810$12,133$13,663$13,761$13,823$14,458$21,199$14,568$24,180$14,648$15,023$22,934$26,599$17,104$16,533
Oley Valley School District$11,248$11,747$12,371$13,135$14,222$13,936$15,648$15,563$15,893$16,119$15,832$16,240$16,781$16,950$17,902$18,392$19,416$19,140
Hamburg Area School District$11,186$11,234$11,449$11,157$12,074$12,820$13,007$13,961$15,503$15,490$15,359$15,405$15,764$16,362$17,004$17,499$17,913$19,134
Kutztown Area School District$13,389$14,542$14,267$14,572$15,300$16,071$16,780$17,172$18,431$19,454$19,618$19,962$25,013$22,020$29,935$23,419$38,748$23,709
Wilson School District$11,798$12,626$12,967$13,619$14,342$14,775$15,134$15,142$15,878$16,542$16,246$15,764$15,347$16,129$16,741$16,749$16,811$16,189
Brandywine Heights Area School District$11,795$11,934$13,221$13,698$14,509$14,795$15,796$16,627$17,148$17,789$18,358$17,258$17,273$18,673$19,380$21,019$21,833$22,675
Tulpehocken Area School District$12,240$13,402$13,926$13,506$13,812$14,816$16,053$17,655$18,026$18,653$18,521$18,652$23,813$30,654$21,231$21,093$20,997$21,033
Exeter Township School District$11,697$11,735$11,893$12,698$13,103$13,328$16,771$14,524$15,352$17,771$15,498$19,889$24,925$18,195$21,808$17,573$17,995$19,982
Reading School District$10,190$9,571$9,754$10,013$10,517$10,523$10,970$11,165$12,548$14,057$14,020$13,209$12,221$11,795$12,490$12,419$13,106$13,612
Muhlenberg School District$13,425$13,738$13,886$14,798$15,315$14,105$14,841$14,414$15,009$14,653$13,996$13,470$14,448$14,821$14,709$15,212$15,794$15,450
Daniel Boone Area School District$10,587$11,517$11,293$12,128$12,472$12,921$13,216$13,273$14,201$14,028$13,843$13,760$14,537$14,388$21,227$18,565$26,685$19,840
Wyomissing Area School District$13,396$14,263$14,187$14,818$15,199$15,416$16,902$17,161$17,461$18,158$17,192$16,709$16,642$16,547$17,615$17,154$18,106$18,220
Governor Mifflin School District$11,821$11,981$11,987$12,395$12,523$12,340$14,593$14,694$14,819$14,216$14,240$14,725$14,868$15,634$15,873$16,564$16,566$16,395
Conrad Weiser Area School District$12,773$12,821$13,297$13,843$14,378$13,777$14,703$13,845$14,750$14,907$15,519$15,383$20,478$16,023$17,217$18,288$18,798$19,397
Twin Valley School District$12,849$13,852$13,657$13,725$13,501$14,204$14,460$15,095$15,952$15,587$15,050$14,921$14,723$15,294$16,635$17,013$18,894$20,993
Fleetwood Area School District$12,740$12,761$13,064$12,757$13,619$13,341$14,229$14,210$14,748$14,917$14,927$14,496$14,997$15,516$16,593$17,082$17,861$18,159

Source: Pennsylvania Department of Education
Notes: Figures are in constant 2016 dollars.




Total Spending
200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018
Pennsylvania$22,258,738,317$23,080,008,606$23,720,812,240$24,785,398,075$25,259,221,409$25,943,401,748$26,402,807,752$26,725,926,102$27,502,148,552$28,017,874,426$28,017,185,125$27,081,594,796$27,555,993,559$27,714,375,049$29,014,647,773$29,618,153,913$31,240,279,552$30,211,199,140
Berks County$750,583,586$769,322,305$800,030,494$836,054,009$882,956,381$923,398,741$983,332,535$983,831,874$1,037,673,938$1,078,086,224$1,063,060,722$1,066,115,172$1,091,947,901$1,055,192,294$1,161,715,090$1,122,246,442$1,188,111,491$1,173,988,591
Berks County Regions
Central
Northeast
South
Southeast
West
Reading city
Berks County Peers
Chester County$928,274,735$977,353,468$1,029,806,001$1,108,214,311$1,147,025,845$1,190,237,244$1,252,432,768$1,251,344,607$1,298,728,642$1,320,569,560$1,298,101,151$1,284,825,931$1,304,461,228$1,309,249,632$1,354,831,793$1,421,017,604$1,452,079,650$1,461,889,991
Lancaster County$785,623,175$803,647,982$834,637,555$860,744,331$872,004,910$896,518,615$954,762,280$982,117,792$1,026,797,781$1,027,778,103$1,020,271,424$1,005,986,402$1,033,144,136$1,051,054,191$1,103,183,760$1,115,025,480$1,164,970,613$1,173,511,233
Lebanon County$196,134,965$206,876,960$206,530,046$213,799,370$221,942,795$229,325,000$246,009,659$260,525,508$265,949,781$276,971,705$259,653,153$259,421,352$273,703,448$275,002,809$275,757,385$289,235,288$299,921,044$311,918,126
Lehigh County$537,732,215$557,367,553$576,236,476$606,486,805$637,083,369$660,959,047$691,108,330$702,631,448$741,720,431$758,213,029$775,562,453$766,037,449$765,727,532$792,891,154$814,130,215$858,540,711$881,029,338$899,149,473
Montgomery County$1,527,151,811$1,597,140,077$1,674,089,653$1,764,702,187$1,804,704,748$1,892,376,009$1,929,167,199$1,962,650,811$2,021,399,708$2,040,936,236$2,036,247,899$2,021,721,662$2,056,833,320$2,107,882,600$2,203,941,723$2,241,471,767$2,341,777,613$2,333,459,010
Schuylkill County$229,533,360$239,285,169$266,807,165$243,112,167$274,188,581$262,300,400$252,611,903$256,747,271$274,765,394$295,676,238$271,352,998$296,879,162$268,538,074$288,788,287$328,465,536$316,697,797$295,240,715$306,019,813
School Districts
Boyertown Area School District$78,014,048$79,675,040$80,858,801$82,917,826$88,168,384$104,150,669$93,957,319$94,953,472$97,701,095$98,290,886$100,133,343$95,049,692$95,291,226$100,888,646$109,030,148$112,916,338$114,306,042$113,804,724
Schuylkill Valley School District$27,877,613$27,153,151$27,580,706$29,012,732$29,786,173$30,693,129$32,888,146$33,875,543$35,084,497$35,285,971$34,248,735$34,308,725$35,722,182$35,411,924$62,088,600$38,870,774$37,944,947$38,074,156
Antietam School District$12,459,497$12,841,635$13,642,129$13,103,788$13,471,538$15,188,700$15,541,626$15,414,461$15,668,237$23,314,133$15,814,014$25,611,170$15,225,764$15,833,549$24,703,459$28,462,380$18,844,302$19,051,150
Oley Valley School District$23,873,342$24,449,288$27,050,471$27,774,220$29,649,591$29,235,210$32,457,543$31,408,967$31,952,571$30,935,774$30,510,395$30,189,372$29,974,462$30,029,402$30,967,455$31,462,464$32,711,361$32,377,018
Hamburg Area School District$30,028,748$30,743,984$31,205,218$30,452,699$32,914,166$34,809,577$35,028,856$36,598,075$39,622,954$39,222,463$38,380,854$37,873,848$38,074,921$37,989,756$38,580,696$39,584,846$39,854,756$42,343,875
Kutztown Area School District$24,267,538$26,290,920$25,972,213$26,405,787$27,397,045$28,278,656$28,852,806$29,273,600$30,552,937$30,763,613$30,939,570$30,256,642$37,443,860$31,954,375$41,992,391$32,471,131$53,124,963$32,472,443
Wilson School District$26,715,427$28,451,265$29,508,212$31,054,597$32,399,424$33,524,680$34,766,767$35,156,971$36,914,999$37,821,017$37,111,212$35,841,964$35,215,486$37,037,690$38,427,227$38,183,449$39,100,805$38,722,839
Brandywine Heights Area School District$24,198,992$24,485,136$26,367,666$27,796,800$29,158,750$29,379,933$30,693,763$31,734,191$31,807,348$31,618,627$32,876,082$29,132,703$28,732,172$29,843,097$29,855,358$31,524,296$31,849,872$32,261,129
Tulpehocken Area School District$21,012,603$23,432,140$24,263,356$23,477,476$24,653,428$25,745,005$27,442,712$29,861,141$29,546,519$29,798,246$29,209,832$28,790,717$36,166,847$44,525,691$30,125,906$30,438,511$30,756,158$30,868,178
Exeter Township School District$44,907,682$46,043,608$48,103,845$51,920,256$55,064,128$57,735,462$73,860,018$63,993,365$68,131,762$78,226,773$69,122,682$86,543,914$107,193,988$76,642,127$90,989,505$72,118,916$72,670,867$80,163,206
Reading School District$153,340,262$148,557,253$161,714,134$169,191,827$182,637,343$187,738,412$200,611,787$200,492,050$224,821,359$247,703,595$256,685,418$244,208,594$224,315,962$215,334,152$226,668,220$227,866,905$241,741,049$254,715,904
Muhlenberg School District$39,324,383$40,943,252$41,926,029$44,692,417$48,033,503$46,672,815$50,001,296$49,566,719$52,533,119$52,138,630$50,176,699$48,409,256$51,416,071$52,784,806$53,481,504$56,457,245$59,055,367$59,906,493
Daniel Boone Area School District$32,031,639$36,813,117$37,879,256$42,314,466$44,889,383$49,230,662$51,715,012$52,420,440$56,471,541$57,149,013$55,166,064$53,709,940$54,034,968$53,469,724$77,302,781$65,451,906$93,702,223$68,587,658
Wyomissing Area School District$24,664,585$25,626,907$25,990,908$27,631,147$28,631,262$29,582,679$32,265,713$32,849,770$33,050,245$34,665,937$32,479,530$32,196,946$32,167,634$31,883,055$34,289,732$33,840,903$35,538,804$35,954,038
Governor Mifflin School District$48,856,278$49,277,577$49,968,734$51,584,237$52,984,662$53,026,471$62,704,738$62,710,048$63,262,564$62,218,789$61,162,277$61,201,652$63,446,105$64,353,725$65,031,013$68,205,675$69,262,445$69,281,233
Conrad Weiser Area School District$33,812,617$34,229,245$36,015,761$38,433,559$40,877,166$40,994,375$44,041,484$42,305,132$44,063,791$43,893,674$44,791,443$44,350,858$56,665,187$44,749,486$46,491,706$48,718,090$49,474,157$49,365,781
Twin Valley School District$38,292,018$42,890,848$43,307,186$44,714,827$44,502,088$48,066,156$51,086,836$53,729,913$56,228,380$54,301,584$52,958,844$52,142,316$51,684,789$53,356,369$57,782,575$59,243,321$63,070,233$68,281,160
Fleetwood Area School District$31,000,189$31,834,480$33,044,645$33,638,201$36,246,193$36,149,105$38,615,095$39,190,940$39,953,628$40,860,131$41,160,827$39,528,910$40,433,951$41,274,636$43,953,503$44,353,769$45,524,989$45,864,693

Source: Pennsylvania Department of Education
Notes: Figures are in constant 2016 dollars.




INDICATORS TREND | BERKS COUNTY
Early Prenatal Care Increasing
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Maintaining
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families by Race/Ethnicity Decreasing
Disengaged Youth Maintaining
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Change in Population by Age and Gender Maintaining
Change in Total Population by Race/Ethnicity Increasing
Population by Age and Race/Ethnicity Decreasing
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Language Diversity Increasing
Unemployment Rate Decreasing
Change in Labor Force Increasing
Employment to Population ratio Increasing
Change in Jobs by Sector Not Applicable
Sector Share of Total Jobs Decreasing
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
People Entering/Leaving County/Region for Work Increasing
Public Assistance Maintaining
Spending for Local Governments Maintaining
Spending for Counties Maintaining
Spending for School Districts Maintaining
Quality Early Childhood Centers Not Applicable
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Increasing
English Language Learners Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per Student Spending Maintaining
Historically Underperforming Student Performance on Grade 3 English Decreasing
Historically Underperforming Student Performance on Grade 3 Math Increasing
Historically Underperforming Student Performance on Grade 8 English Decreasing
Historically Underperforming Student Performance on Grade 8 Math Decreasing
Student Performance on High School English Decreasing
Student Performance on High School Math Maintaining
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
Education Levels of Adults, by Race/Ethnicity Maintaining
Brain Drain/Gain Increasing
Plans of High School Graduates Decreasing
Median Household Income Maintaining
Median Household Income by Household Type Maintaining
Living Wage Maintaining
People Living in Poverty Increasing
Working Poor Maintaining
People Receiving Federal Food Assistance Increasing
People Enrolled in Medicaid Managed Care Increasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Physically Inactive Adults Not Applicable
Adults Who are Overweight or Obese Not Applicable
Students in 7-12 Overweight or Obese Increasing
Vacant Housing Units Increasing
Homeownership Rates Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Maintaining
Housing Affordability for Homeowners by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Housing Affordability for Renters Increasing
Housing Affordability for Renters, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Age of Housing Stock Decreasing
Single-Family Home Sales Increasing
Median Single-Family Home Sale Price Maintaining
Tourism Spending Maintaining
Voter Registration Rate Decreasing
Voter Participation Rate Decreasing
Average Charitable Giving Maintaining
Contributions as a Percentage of Income Maintaining
Households With Internet Access Increasing
Dams Not Applicable
Violent Crimes Maintaining
Property Crimes Decreasing
Incarceration Rates Maintaining
Drug Abuse Offenses Increasing
Drug Abuse Arrests Increasing
Protection from Domestic Abuse Maintaining
Means of Transportation to Work Maintaining
Average Travel Time to Work Increasing
Crashes Involving Alcohol Decreasing
Households Without Vehicles Decreasing