Education
Share of Low-Income Children in Quality Care


Share of Low-Income Children in Quality Care

What does this measure?

The estimated enrollment rate of low-income children under age 5 in high quality child care centers. High quality is defined as childcare providers regulated and accredited by one of several national organizations. The percentage of high-quality enrollment is calculated by dividing the number of children receiving Child Care Works (CCW) subsidies that are enrolled in high quality programs by the estimated number of CCW-eligible children who need child care (those with parents who are in the workforce).

Why is this important?

Children placed in high quality care settings are safer and more secure while their parents are at work. They also develop important social and academic skills and are more likely to be ready to start kindergarten. Despite its importance, high-quality child care is often expensive and out of reach for low-income families. Public subsidy programs, such as CCW help low-income families afford child care. The greater the share of low-income children that receive high-quality early child care, the stronger their chances for strong academic outcomes in the future. However, currently there are fewer CCW subsidies than there are eligible children, and even those that get subsidies may not have access to a high-quality center.

How is our county performing?

In 2018, an estimated 5.3% of low-income children under 5 who needed care were enrolled in high-quality early childhood centers, about half of the statewide rate of 10.1%.

Among the comparison counties, only Schuylkill had a lower rate of low-income enrollment in quality childcare, at 3.2%. Lebanon was higher than Berks, at 5.7%, as were Lehigh, 6.6%, Lancaster, 9.7%, Chester, 14.9%, and Montgomery, 19.5%.

Notes about the data

Enrollment counts are based on October enrollment in the fall of a given school year. Only 2018 data is currently available.

High quality providers were defined as regulated child care provider settings that received a Keystone STAR 3 or 4 designation or were certified by an accreditation that was recognized by the Pennsylvania Office of Child Development and Early Learning (OCDEL). To be eligible for Child Care Works (CCW) subsidies, families need to have incomes below 200% of the U.S. poverty threshold. Estimates of the number of children under 5 years needing care were derived by multiplying the percent of children under 6 years who have all available parents in the workforce by the estimate of children ages 0-4. This number was then multiplied by the percent of children under 6 years living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the U.S. poverty threshold, as issued by the U.S. Census Bureau, to estimate the number of children eligible for Child Care Works (CCW).

There may be additional research available on this topic. Click on Reports and Resources to learn more.

Share of Low-Income Children in Quality Care
2018
Pennsylvania10%
Berks County5%
Berks County Regions
Central
Northeast
South
Southeast
West
Reading city
Berks County Peers
Chester County15%
Lancaster County10%
Lebanon County6%
Lehigh County7%
Montgomery County19%
Schuylkill County3%

Source: Pennsylvania Partnerships for Children




Number of Low-Income Children in Quality Care
2018
Pennsylvania20,693
Berks County425
Berks County Regions
Central
Northeast
South
Southeast
West
Reading city
Berks County Peers
Chester County657
Lancaster County845
Lebanon County134
Lehigh County467
Montgomery County1,244
Schuylkill County68

Source: Pennsylvania Partnerships for Children




INDICATORS TREND | BERKS COUNTY
Early Prenatal Care Increasing
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Disengaged Youth Maintaining
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Change in Population by Age and Gender Not Applicable
Change in Total Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Population by Age and Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Language Diversity Increasing
Unemployment Rate Increasing
Change in Labor Force Increasing
Employment to Population Ratio Decreasing
Change in Jobs by Sector Not Applicable
Sector Share of Total Jobs Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
People Entering/Leaving Region for Work Not Applicable
Public Assistance Increasing
Local Government Spending Increasing
County Government Spending Decreasing
School District Spending Increasing
Quality Early Childhood Centers Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Increasing
English Language Learners Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 3 English Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 3 Math Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 English Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math Not Applicable
Student Performance on High School Reading Increasing
Student Performance on High School Math Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
Plans of High School Graduates Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Brain Drain/Gain Increasing
Median Household Income Decreasing
Median Household Income by Household Type Not Applicable
Living Wage by Household Type Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Increasing
Working Poor Maintaining
People Receiving Federal Food Assistance Increasing
Health Status Decreasing
Managed Medicaid Enrollment Increasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Physically Inactive Adults Maintaining
Adults Who Are Overweight or Obese Not Applicable
Children Who Are Overweight or Obese Not Applicable
Youth Who Are Overweight or Obese Not Applicable
Vacant Housing Units Not Applicable
Homeownership Rates Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Housing Affordability for Renters Increasing
Housing Affordability for Renters by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Age of Housing Stock Not Applicable
Single-Family Home Sales Maintaining
Median Single-Family Home Sale Price Increasing
Tourism Spending Decreasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Increasing
Average Charitable Giving Increasing
Charitable Contributions as a Percentage of Income Increasing
Households With Internet Access Increasing
Dams Not Applicable
Violent Crimes Decreasing
Property Crimes Decreasing
Incarceration Rates Decreasing
Drug Abuse Offenses Increasing
Drug Abuse Arrests Increasing
Protection from Domestic Abuse Maintaining
Means of Transportation to Work Not Applicable
Average Travel Time to Work Increasing
Households Without Vehicles Decreasing
Crashes Involving Alcohol Decreasing