Economy
Employment-to-Population Ratio


Employment-to-Population Ratio

What does this measure?

The number of employed people living in Berks County divided by the population of 16- to 64-year-olds.

Why is this important?

A companion to the better-known unemployment rate, the employment-to-population ratio is an indicator of people's willingness and ability to find work. In a period of rapid economic growth, a larger share of the population (including teens, second earners in a family, and elders) will find a role in the workforce.

How is our county performing?

The employment-to-population ratio for Berks County was 77% in 2017, slightly higher than Pennsylvania, at 76%, and the nation, at 60%. Between 2000 and 2017, the county's ratio peaked at 80% in 2000 and dropped as low as 73% in 2009. As of 2017, Berks County's employment-to-population ratio was similar to neighboring Lehigh and Lebanon (both 78%), but lower than Montgomery (83%), Chester (81%) and Lancaster (80%). Schuylkill was lower, at 75%.

Over the 18-year period, several of the neighboring counties averaged higher employment-to-population ratios than Berks (77%), including Chester and Lancaster (both 81%), Lebanon and Montgomery (both 82%). The average ratio was similar to Berks in Lehigh (78%) and Schuylkill (76%).

Notes about the data

For this indicator, people are counted where they live, not where they work. To calculate these rates, CGR used figures for the population from ages 16 to 64 not living in institutions (including jails, prisons, psychiatric hospitals, nursing homes and boarding schools) from the 2000 Census and American Community Survey. CGR interpolated the intervening years.

There may be additional research available on this topic. Click on Reports and Resources to learn more.

Employment-to-Population Ratio
200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
United States64%64%63%62%62%63%63%63%62%59%58%58%59%59%59%59%60%60%
Pennsylvania76%77%76%75%76%76%77%77%78%74%74%74%75%75%75%76%76%76%
Berks County80%79%78%75%76%76%77%77%77%73%75%75%76%76%77%78%78%77%
Berks County Regions
Central
Northeast
South
Southeast
West
Reading city
Berks County Peers
Chester County82%82%82%81%81%81%82%82%83%78%78%78%79%79%79%80%81%81%
Lancaster County84%84%84%82%84%84%83%83%83%78%77%77%77%78%79%80%81%80%
Lebanon County84%85%85%84%86%86%87%86%86%82%78%78%79%79%79%79%79%78%
Lehigh County81%81%80%79%78%79%79%79%79%75%74%74%76%76%77%78%79%78%
Montgomery County85%85%84%83%83%83%84%84%85%79%80%80%80%80%81%82%83%83%
Schuylkill County75%75%75%74%76%77%78%80%80%77%73%73%74%74%75%76%75%75%

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Census Bureau




Total Employment
200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
United States136,891,000136,933,000136,485,000137,736,000139,252,000141,730,000144,427,000146,047,000145,362,000139,877,000139,064,000139,869,000142,469,000143,929,000146,305,000148,834,000151,436,000153,337,000
Pennsylvania5,854,5515,881,6885,868,6075,821,7115,876,9975,940,5706,006,6346,064,0636,109,6455,885,3515,840,8875,888,7455,957,3145,967,8116,021,0056,080,2196,105,2236,111,633
Berks County187,690187,597186,317181,673185,424189,015192,567194,447195,467186,095191,914193,585195,561196,271199,415202,014202,663202,309
Berks County Regions
Central
Northeast
South
Southeast
West
Reading city
Berks County Peers
Chester County229,523233,753235,797237,295241,076246,961254,609258,865263,491251,383252,693254,455257,623259,098262,490266,506269,548271,053
Lancaster County244,446246,660250,063247,222254,205257,802257,754260,379262,878250,126247,920247,727251,655254,188260,021264,626268,337269,590
Lebanon County62,35563,54264,11564,02366,12467,59868,76469,62870,32467,88564,82565,00366,17666,34266,65766,89067,43567,635
Lehigh County157,140158,719157,815158,147159,594162,363166,251168,063168,895162,952160,908163,972167,357168,957171,963175,869178,969179,294
Montgomery County397,383402,667402,460401,387401,982406,172411,623415,122419,127396,105400,485402,414407,899410,086416,265422,542428,999431,390
Schuylkill County66,10665,56765,18864,55465,21266,43767,70069,90669,86666,62563,19663,21964,07763,78564,09563,89863,40962,412

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Census Bureau




INDICATORS TREND | BERKS COUNTY
Early Prenatal Care Increasing
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Disengaged Youth Maintaining
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Change in Population by Age and Gender Not Applicable
Change in Total Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Population by Age and Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Language Diversity Increasing
Unemployment Rate Increasing
Change in Labor Force Increasing
Employment to Population Ratio Decreasing
Change in Jobs by Sector Not Applicable
Sector Share of Total Jobs Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
People Entering/Leaving Region for Work Not Applicable
Public Assistance Increasing
Local Government Spending Increasing
County Government Spending Decreasing
School District Spending Increasing
Quality Early Childhood Centers Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Increasing
English Language Learners Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 3 English Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 3 Math Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 English Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math Not Applicable
Student Performance on High School Reading Increasing
Student Performance on High School Math Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
Plans of High School Graduates Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Brain Drain/Gain Increasing
Median Household Income Decreasing
Median Household Income by Household Type Not Applicable
Living Wage by Household Type Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Increasing
Working Poor Maintaining
People Receiving Federal Food Assistance Increasing
Health Status Decreasing
Managed Medicaid Enrollment Increasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Physically Inactive Adults Maintaining
Adults Who Are Overweight or Obese Not Applicable
Children Who Are Overweight or Obese Not Applicable
Youth Who Are Overweight or Obese Not Applicable
Vacant Housing Units Not Applicable
Homeownership Rates Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Housing Affordability for Renters Increasing
Housing Affordability for Renters by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Age of Housing Stock Not Applicable
Single-Family Home Sales Maintaining
Median Single-Family Home Sale Price Increasing
Tourism Spending Decreasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Increasing
Average Charitable Giving Increasing
Charitable Contributions as a Percentage of Income Increasing
Households With Internet Access Increasing
Dams Not Applicable
Violent Crimes Decreasing
Property Crimes Decreasing
Incarceration Rates Decreasing
Drug Abuse Offenses Increasing
Drug Abuse Arrests Increasing
Protection from Domestic Abuse Maintaining
Means of Transportation to Work Not Applicable
Average Travel Time to Work Increasing
Households Without Vehicles Decreasing
Crashes Involving Alcohol Decreasing