Children & Youth
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity, 2015


Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity, 2015

What does this measure?

The number of births to women who initiated prenatal care during the first trimester of pregnancy (before 13 weeks gestation), expressed as a percentage of all live births within each racial and ethnic group.

Why is this important?

Early, high-quality prenatal care is critical to reducing risks for complications of pregnancy or birth and improving birth outcomes.

How is our county performing?

In 2015, 75% of Hispanic women and 71% of African American women received early prenatal care, compared with 79% of white women and 90% of Asian women. The rates for both Hispanic and African American women were up nearly 20 percentage points since 2000. For white women, the rate was up 7 percentage points since 2000. Farfewer Asian women gave birth in Berks County during this period, which makes accurate percentage comparisons difficult.

Disparities were smaller in the central region of the county in 2011-15 compared to the county as a whole. However, poverty rates were higher for all groups, including African-American (50%), Hispanic (54%), and white (44%) children. In the City of Reading, 58% of both Hispanic and African-American children and 55% of white children lived in poverty in 2011-15. Since 2000, this represented an increase of 11 percentage points for Hispanic children, 20 points for African-American children and 27 points for white children.

In 2015, 75% of Hispanic women and 71% of African American women received early prenatal care, compared with 79% of white women and 90% of Asian women. The rates for both Hispanic and African American women were up nearly 20 percentage points since 2000. For white women, the rate was up 7 percentage points since 2000. Farfewer Asian women gave birth in Berks County during this period, which makes accurate percentage comparisons difficult.

Among neighboring counties, Chester, Lehigh and Montgomery counties had lower rates of early prenatal care among Hispanic and African American women than Berks County. In Lancaster County, however, there were fewer racial disparities than in Berks. Relatively few African American and Hispanic women gave birth in Schuylkill and Lebanon counties during this period, which made accurate comparisons difficult.

Notes about the data

The rate excludes the number of live births for which the date of entry into prenatal care is unknown. In addition to considering when prenatal care began, it is also important to understand the quality and continuity of care received throughout the pregnancy.

There may be additional research available on this topic. Click on Reports and Resources to learn more.

Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity, 2015
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
United States73%61%67%74%
Pennsylvania69%58%63%76%
Berks County90%71%75%79%
Berks County Regions
Central
Northeast
South
Southeast
West
Reading city
Berks County Peers
Chester County82%53%60%77%
Lancaster County70%68%71%65%
Lebanon County100%100%69%76%
Lehigh County68%51%56%64%
Montgomery County75%55%45%79%
Schuylkill County100%73%73%

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Notes: Percent of live births for which mothers received prenatal care beginning in the first trimester of pregnancy. Data may not be available for every group.




Number of Births with Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity, 2015
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
United States203,959389,737617,4172,232,628
Pennsylvania4,79913,9019,37382,973
Berks County974001,2273,171
Berks County Regions
Central
Northeast
South
Southeast
West
Reading city
Berks County Peers
Chester County3332474313,538
Lancaster County1353446594,213
Lebanon County22451861,130
Lehigh County1123258262,147
Montgomery County7285703185,463
Schuylkill County1848914

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Notes: Number of births for which mothers received prenatal care beginning in the first trimester of pregnancy. Data may not be available for every group.




Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity, 2007
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
United States
Pennsylvania58%45%47%69%
Berks County76%43%46%68%
Berks County Regions
Central
Northeast
South
Southeast
West
Reading city
Berks County Peers
Chester County74%54%49%75%
Lancaster County74%55%60%65%
Lebanon County100%66%68%
Lehigh County58%45%45%65%
Montgomery County65%45%40%71%
Schuylkill County100%100%77%

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Notes: Percent of live births for which mothers received prenatal care beginning in the first trimester of pregnancy. Data may not be available for every group.




Number of Births with Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity, 2007
AsianBlack or African AmericanHispanicWhite
United States
Pennsylvania3,65211,7956,49281,332
Berks County822596692,978
Berks County Regions
Central
Northeast
South
Southeast
West
Reading city
Berks County Peers
Chester County2942353573,948
Lancaster County1223145164,299
Lebanon County341281,100
Lehigh County1133026152,318
Montgomery County5784212985,323
Schuylkill County10251,108

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Notes: Number of births for which mothers received prenatal care beginning in the first trimester of pregnancy. Data may not be available for every group.




INDICATORS TREND | BERKS COUNTY
Early Prenatal Care Increasing
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Children Living in Poverty Increasing
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Single-Parent Families Increasing
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Disengaged Youth Maintaining
Live Births to Teen Mothers Decreasing
Change in Population by Age and Gender Not Applicable
Change in Total Population by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Population by Age and Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Foreign-Born Population Increasing
Language Diversity Increasing
Unemployment Rate Increasing
Change in Labor Force Increasing
Employment to Population Ratio Decreasing
Change in Jobs by Sector Not Applicable
Sector Share of Total Jobs Not Applicable
Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
Change in Average Salary by Sector Not Applicable
People Entering/Leaving Region for Work Not Applicable
Public Assistance Increasing
Local Government Spending Increasing
County Government Spending Decreasing
School District Spending Increasing
Quality Early Childhood Centers Increasing
Prekindergarten Participation Increasing
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch Increasing
English Language Learners Increasing
Students Receiving Special Education Services Increasing
Per Student Spending Increasing
Student Performance on Grade 3 English Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 3 Math Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 English Not Applicable
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math Not Applicable
Student Performance on High School Reading Increasing
Student Performance on High School Math Increasing
High School Cohort Graduation Rate Increasing
Plans of High School Graduates Not Applicable
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Brain Drain/Gain Increasing
Median Household Income Decreasing
Median Household Income by Household Type Not Applicable
Living Wage by Household Type Not Applicable
People Living in Poverty Increasing
Working Poor Maintaining
People Receiving Federal Food Assistance Increasing
Health Status Decreasing
Managed Medicaid Enrollment Increasing
People Without Health Insurance Decreasing
Physically Inactive Adults Maintaining
Adults Who Are Overweight or Obese Not Applicable
Children Who Are Overweight or Obese Not Applicable
Youth Who Are Overweight or Obese Not Applicable
Occupied Housing Units Not Applicable
Homeownership Rates Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners Decreasing
Housing Affordability for Homeowners by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Housing Affordability for Renters Increasing
Housing Affordability for Renters by Race/Ethnicity Not Applicable
Age of Housing Stock Not Applicable
Single-Family Home Sales Maintaining
Median Single-Family Home Sale Price Increasing
Tourism Spending Decreasing
Voter Registration Rate Increasing
Voter Participation Rate Increasing
Average Charitable Giving Increasing
Charitable Contributions as a Percentage of Income Increasing
Households With Internet Access Increasing
Dams Not Applicable
Violent Crimes Decreasing
Property Crimes Decreasing
Incarceration Rates Decreasing
Drug Abuse Offenses Increasing
Drug Abuse Arrests Increasing
Protection from Domestic Abuse Maintaining
Means of Transportation to Work Not Applicable
Average Travel Time to Work Increasing
Households Without Vehicles Decreasing
Crashes Involving Alcohol Decreasing