All Indicators

INDICATORS
Early Prenatal Care
The number of births to women who initiated prenatal care during the first trimester of pregnancy (before 13 weeks gestation), expressed as a percentage of all live births.
Early Prenatal Care by Mother's Race/Ethnicity
The number of births to women who initiated prenatal care during the first trimester of pregnancy (before 13 weeks gestation), expressed as a percentage of all live births within each racial and ethnic group.
Children Living in Poverty
The number of children under 18 who live below the federally defined poverty line, expressed as a percentage of all children under 18. Poverty thresholds vary by family composition and year. In 2016, the threshold for a four-person family with two children was $24,339.
Children Living in Poverty, by Race/Ethnicity
The number of children under 18 within a racial or ethnic group who live below the federally defined poverty line, expressed as a percentage of all children under 18 with the same racial or ethnic group. Poverty thresholds vary by family composition and year. In 2016, the threshold for a four-person family with two children was $24,339.
Single-Parent Families
The proportion of single-parent families with children under 18, as a percentage of all families with children under 18.
Single-Parent Families, by Race/Ethnicity
The proportion of single-parent families with children under 18 in various racial and ethnic groups.
Disengaged Youth
The percentage of the population between ages 16 and 19 that is not enrolled in school and not working (either unemployed or not in the labor force).
Live Births to Teen Mothers
The number of babies born to females between ages 15 and 19, expressed as a rate per 1,000 females in this age range.
Change in Population by Age and Gender
The growth or decline in the number of residents of a geographic area, broken down by gender and age.
Change in Total Population by Race/Ethnicity
The growth or decline in the number of residents of a geographic area, broken down by racial and ethnic groups.
Population by Age and Race/Ethnicity
The share of each racial or ethnic group in selected age brackets.
Foreign-Born Population
The percentage of the population in a region that is foreign-born, which includes anyone who is not a U.S. citizen at birth. People who become U.S. citizens through naturalization are considered foreign-born.
Language Diversity
The share of people 5 and older in a geographic area who speak a language other than English at home. This includes both people who speak English well and those who do not.
Unemployment Rate
Unemployed individuals are those without jobs who are able, available and actively seeking work. The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed people as a percentage of the total labor force (the total number of employed and unemployed individuals 16 or older and not living in prisons, mental hospitals or nursing homes).
Change in Labor Force
Growth or decline in the total number of people available for work, including currently employed individuals, unemployed individuals, and individuals able to work but not actively seeking work at the time.
Employment to Population Ratio
The number of employed people living in Berks County divided by the population of 16- to 64-year-olds.
Change in Jobs by Sector
The net growth or decline in jobs by sector, shown as a percentage gain or loss.
Sector Share of Total Jobs
The number of jobs in specific sectors, shown as a percentage of total jobs.
Average Salary by Sector
The average annual salary paid to workers in each economic sector.
Change in Average Salary by Sector
The growth or decline in average salary, shown as a percentage gain or loss since 2000, in each economic sector.
People Entering/Leaving Region for Work
The proportion of workers who came into or left a region for work during the year.
Public Assistance
Income to individuals from governmental programs (welfare/Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, Medicaid, unemployment and food stamps), expressed on a per capita basis.
Local Government Spending
The annual per capita spending by local governments, adjusted for inflation.
County Government Spending
The annual per capita spending by county governments, adjusted for inflation.
School District Spending
The annual per capita spending for public education in a county, adjusted for inflation.
Quality Early Childhood Centers
The estimated enrollment rate of low-income children under age 5 in high quality child care centers. High quality is defined as childcare providers regulated and accredited by one of several national organizations. The percentage of high-quality enrollment is calculated by dividing the number of children receiving Child Care Works (CCW) subsidies that are enrolled in high quality programs by the estimated number of CCW-eligible children who need child care (those with parents who are in the workforce).
Prekindergarten Participation
The number of children ages 3 or 4 enrolled in public pre-kindergarten education programs, expressed as a percentage of all children ages 3 or 4.
Students Eligible for Free/Reduced Price Lunch
The number of students eligible for free or reduced price lunch as a percentage of total K-12 enrollment. Students are eligible for free lunch if their family's income is at or below 130% of the federal poverty threshold and for reduced price lunch if income is 130-185% of that threshold.
English Language Learners
Students who speak a language other than English and who are not yet English proficient, as a percentage of all students.
Students Receiving Special Education Services
Percent of students (ages 6-21) classified with disabilities and receiving special education services.
Per Student Spending
Total spending by public school districts, divided by total pupils.
Student Performance on Grade 3 English
The percentage of students considered proficient or advanced on the Pennsylvania System of School Assessment (PSSA) Grade 3 English Language Arts exam, reported for both the total student population and those students defined as “historically underperforming.” Pennsylvania defines historically underperforming groups as students with disabilities, economically disadvantaged students, and English language learners.
Student Performance on Grade 3 Math
The percentage of students considered proficient or advanced on the Pennsylvania System of School Assessment (PSSA) Grade 3 Math exam, reported for both the total student population and those students defined as “historically underperforming.” Pennsylvania defines historically underperforming groups as students with disabilities, economically disadvantaged students, and English language learners.
Student Performance on Grade 8 English
The percentage of students considered proficient or advanced on the Pennsylvania System of School Assessment (PSSA) Grade 8 English Language Arts exam, reported for both the total student population and those students defined as “historically underperforming.” Pennsylvania defines historically underperforming groups as students with disabilities, economically disadvantaged students, and English language learners.
Student Performance on Grade 8 Math
The percentage of students considered proficient or advanced on the Pennsylvania System of School Assessment (PSSA) Grade 8 Math exam, reported for both the total student population and those students defined as “historically underperforming.” Pennsylvania defines historically underperforming groups as students with disabilities, economically disadvantaged students, and English language learners.
Student Performance on High School Reading
The percentage of students considered proficient on the Pennsylvania Keystone Grade 11 Literature exam.
Student Performance on High School Math
The percentage of students considered proficient on the Pennsylvania Keystone Grade 11 Algebra 1 exam.
High School Cohort Graduation Rate
The number of students graduating after four years of high school, expressed as a percentage of their cohort. A cohort is a class of ninth-graders beginning high school in the same academic year.
Plans of High School Graduates
The self-reported post-graduation plans of high school graduates as reported to the state.
Education Levels of Adults by Race/Ethnicity
The number of residents with a particular level of education in a region, expressed as a percentage of all residents 25 and older, broken down by race and ethnicity.
Brain Drain/Gain
The net gain or loss of people between the ages of 25 and 34 over a decade.
Median Household Income
Median household income, in 2016 dollars. Half of incomes are below the median and half are above.
Median Household Income by Household Type
Median household income, in 2016 dollars, broken down by type of household. Half of incomes are below the median and half are above.
Living Wage by Household Type
The level of income needed for households of different sizes and types in a region to be able to pay for necessities, including housing and food, without outside assistance.
People Living in Poverty
The share of residents with incomes below the federal poverty level. Poverty thresholds vary by family composition and year. In 2016, the threshold for a four-person family with two children was $24,339.
Working Poor
The number of employed individuals whose incomes fall below the poverty line. Poverty thresholds vary by family composition and year. In 2016, the poverty threshold for a four-person family with two children was $24,339.
People Receiving Federal Food Assistance
The share of people, including both adults and children, receiving Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits, formerly called food stamps.
Health Status
The share of adults who report their perceived general health as "fair" or "poor" (as opposed to excellent, very good or good.
Managed Medicaid Enrollment
The percentage of people enrolled in Pennsylvania HealthChoices, a set of managed care programs that deliver Medicaid health benefits to eligible people, primarily those with low incomes and/or disabilities.
People Without Health Insurance
The percentage of people under 65 who are not covered by some form of health insurance, including public sources of health coverage such as Medicaid and Medicare.
Physically Inactive Adults
The share of adults who did not engage in leisure-time physical activity within the past 30 days, such as running, calisthenics, golf, gardening or walking, as reported through a national survey.
Adults Who Are Overweight or Obese
The percentage of adults who have a Body Mass Index (BMI) greater than 25. The index is an estimate of body fat based on height and weight. A person with a BMI between 25 and 30 is considered overweight, and those with a BMI over 30 are considered obese.
Children Who Are Overweight or Obese
The share of students in grades K-6 who have a Body Mass Index (BMI) that is at or above the 85th percentile for their age and gender. The index is an estimate of body fat based on height and weight. Children are considered overweight if their BMI is at or above the 85th percentile for their age and gender, and they are considered obese at or above the 95th percentile.
Youth Who Are Overweight or Obese
The share of students in grades 7-12 who have a Body Mass Index (BMI) that is at or above the 85th percentile for their age and gender. The index is an estimate of body fat based on height and weight. Children are considered overweight if their BMI is at or above the 85th percentile for their age and gender, and they are considered obese at or above the 95th percentile.
Vacant Housing Units
The percentage of residential housing units that are unoccupied or vacant.
Homeownership Rates
The percentage of all occupied housing units (not vacant) that are owner-occupied (not rented).
Housing Affordability for Homeowners
The median home value divided by the median household income, adjusted for inflation.
Housing Affordability for Homeowners by Race/Ethnicity
The median home value divided by the median household income, adjusted for inflation, and broken down for homeowners in various racial and ethnic groups.
Housing Affordability for Renters
The proportion of household income that goes toward monthly rent, utilities and fuel, calculated by dividing median rent by median household income for renters.
Housing Affordability for Renters by Race/Ethnicity
The proportion of household income that goes toward monthly rent, utilities and fuel, calculated by dividing median rent by median household income for renters, presented for renters of various racial and ethnic groups.
Age of Housing Stock
The age of all housing units in the community, broken down by decade.
Single-Family Home Sales
Total sales of single-family homes per year.
Median Single-Family Home Sale Price
The median price of single-family homes, broken down by year.
Tourism Spending
The economic impact of the travel and tourism industry on a geographic area, measured by total expenditures related to travel/tourism.
Voter Registration Rate
The percentage of the voting-age population (18 and over) that is registered to vote.
Voter Participation Rate
The percentage of the voting-age population (18 and over) that voted in an election.
Average Charitable Giving
Contributions to charitable organizations, measured as an average per tax return with itemized contributions.
Charitable Contributions as a Percentage of Income
Contributions to charitable organizations, measured as a percentage of income.
Households With Internet Access
The percentage of households that have access to the Internet.
Dams
The number of dams per 100 square miles.
Violent Crimes
The number of reported violent crimes per 1,000 residents. Murder, rape, robbery and aggravated assault are included in violent crimes.
Property Crimes
The number of property crimes, per 1,000 residents. These crimes include arson, burglary, theft, fraud, embezzlement, and destruction/vandalism.
Incarceration Rates
The average daily county jail population, divided by the total population in the county, presented per 1,000 residents. This includes county inmates who are detained while awaiting trial, civilly committed or criminally sentenced but does not include inmates in state or federal prisons.
Drug Abuse Offenses
The number of reported drug abuse offenses in a geographic area, presented per 1,000 people.
Drug Abuse Arrests
The number of drug abuse arrests in a geographic area, presented per 1,000 residents.
Protection from Domestic Abuse
The number of new protection from abuse cases filed each year in a geographic area, presented per 1,000 residents.
Means of Transportation to Work
The type of transportation that workers over the age of 16 use daily to commute to work, expressed as a percentage of all workers with jobs outside the home.
Average Travel Time to Work
The average time, in minutes, it takes a commuter to travel to his or her workplace.
Households Without Vehicles
The number of households that do not report having a vehicle kept at the home and available for use, expressed as a percentage of all households.
Crashes Involving Alcohol
The number of motor vehicle crashes in which authorities report that at least one driver or pedestrian involved used alcohol, expressed as a rate per 10,000 residents.